Where is the Y level in Minecraft?

Minecraft has three coordinates: X, Y and Z, just like any other three-dimensional space. Each of these three coordinates determines:

  • X: East (+) or West (-). If the value is positive, it means that it is east of the central part of the map. Then the negative value is the opposite, it indicates the West.
  • Y: vertical position. The value will change depending on how much you climb (+) or descend (-) closer to the bedrock. The sea is always at the Y coordinate 64.
  • Z: South (+) or North (-). The positive value will increase as you move your position south from the central part of the map. The numbers will turn negative as you travel north.

Understanding Minecraft coordinates

Like any three-dimensional space, Minecraft has three coordinates, X, Y and Z. With these three you can pinpoint the exact location of any particular block or object in the Minecraft world. Here’s what determines each of these three coordinates.

  1. The X coordinate determines your East/West position on the map. If the value is positive, it means that the position in question is east of the central part of the map. Negative value determines a position in the West.
  2. The Y coordinate determines your vertical position on the map. The further you move up, the more the positive value will increase. Alternatively, the further you go into the bedrock, the value decreases. The sea is always Y=64.
  3. The Z coordinate determines your position on the south/north map. As you move your location south, the positive value will increase. Go north and the numbers will go negative.
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What can you do with diamonds?

Diamonds come in the dozens, so you want to make sure you don’t waste precious minerals on making lackluster items. Here are some fabulous items you can make with freshly mined diamonds in Minecraft.

Best level Y to find iron ore in Minecraft

Although players really can find iron anywhere, from the tops of mountains to the lower levels of a cave, find good veins of iron it can be difficult. Since the major change from Minecraft 1.19, the iron levels have changed dramatically. Players can find iron anywhere from Y-levels -64 to 256, a really long range. But if you want to find the sweet spot to mine this useful ore, look no further than level Y 232.

As per the graph below by Mojang, the developers of the game, you can see where the iron generates the most in any Minecraft world:


Coal has a very large distribution radius, starting from Y 256 and ending with Y 0. In particular, the spawn points of coal are affected from exposure to air below Y136, meaning caves will not be good sources for this mineral.

Copper can spawn at levels Y 112 to Y -16 in all biomes, though its spawn rate is greatly increased in stalactite caves. If you really want to find it, aim for level Y 48.

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