Does gaming cause tics?

According to the Encyclopedia of Mental Disorders, tics are sudden, painless, non-rhythmic behaviors that appear out of context. Simple motor tics are short, meaningless movements such as blinking, facial grimacing, head jerking, or shrugging of the shoulders. They usually last less than a second, but can last longer, occur frequently, and be more severe. The tics are often related to a more serious related disorder called Tourette syndrome.

Identification of the syndrome in the first stage

In practice, this is what the discovery means: a doctor could analyze the timing of the tics in a patient’s first hour visit and diagnose a person with Tourette’s syndrome if the tic pattern was indeed fractal in nature. The doctor could get a measurement of the fractal dimension, and if they looked at the timing of that person’s tics over a period of a month or a year, they would get the same value of the fractal dimension.

“It could reduce a year’s diagnostic process to a number,” Beeler said, a number a doctor can determine in a day rather than a year.

Social Benefits of Fortnite

While Fortnite can be played solo, friends can team up, often via in-game headsets, to form alliances, strategize and cheer on each other for the other.

“There are social benefits because they talk to their friends and play games together,” says Dr. Ryan.

The tics that emit sounds – as previously mentioned – are called vocal tics, which can be distinguished in

  • simple vocal tics: throat clearing, coughing, sniffling , whistle;
  • complex vocal tics: repeating words or sounds (echolalia), pronouncing socially inappropriate, obscene words (coprolalia).
  • transient tics: they last less than a year, they occur in various children with a peak age between 5 and 9 years; the most affected parts of the body are the eyes, face, neck, shoulders and arms.
  • chronic tics: last more than a year and may be accompanied by new tics. The age of onset is between 5 and 9 years, with a peak incidence around 7 years; males are affected three times more frequently than females.
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Psychologically addictive

The brain chemical dopamine is released when a child plays video games. The more a child enjoys a game, the more dopamine is released, causing the child to want to keep playing. A study conducted at Iowa State University found that one in ten gamblers studied could be defined as pathological gamblers using the standards for pathological gambling (the general population uses the word addiction). The research by Sun et al. used MRIs and found that when players play games, their brains light up in the same way as someone who is addicted to drugs.

Artificial blue light is emitted from electronic screens. This type of light causes your brain to suppress the hormone melatonin that your body needs for sleep.

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